Here there are 3 key points to check: circulatory, sensory and shape. Capillary refill tests, muscle strength test and a pulses assessment will be carried as a complement to give a broader idea of the condition of the lower limbs. A neurovascualr assessment is always carried out during a diabetic foot assessment.
Calluses are thickened and hard areas of skin which are generally not painful. Treatment is often needed when they become painful or when they cause problems and issues with wearing shoes. An assessment will determine why the callus has appeared in the first place to help avoid problems in the future. Treatment will be provided to help remove or reduce the callus as well as provide advice and information.
Also know as Heloma Durum, corns are common foot conditions which occur from consistent pressure on areas of the foot, for example when you wear no socks with shoes.
You can have a hard corn (often on the top, bottom or side of the foot), soft corn (often between the toes) or seeded corns (often on the heel or ball of the foot). Symptoms include:
– Hard Corns (hard patches of skin)
– Soft Corns (thin skin with a smooth centre)
– Seed Corns (circle of dead skin)
Treatment will help to enucleated the corn (remove the nucleus – which is the painful part), cover and protect if it is soar and take action to prevent future corns. Advice regarding footwear is often given as this is the most common cause.